Accuracy of oral specimen testing for human immunodeficiency virus.
Antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) can be detected in oral fluid with great accuracy, due to technical advances in both the collection of oral samples and assays.
Reported sensitivities of 97.2-100% and specificities of 97.7-100% compare well with those of serum-based assays and qualify oral fluid for the screening and diagnosis of HIV infection in both high-and low-risk populations.
In addition, oral fluid offers several advantages over serum as a testing medium for HIV, including greater safety, ease of collection, and patient acceptability.
Mots-clés Pascal : SIDA, Virose, Infection, Virus immunodéficience humaine, Lentivirinae, Retroviridae, Virus, Etude expérimentale, Pharmacocinétique, Forme fluide, Anticorps, Technologie, Diagnostic, Evaluation, Test activité, Homme, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit, Organisation santé, Pharmacologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Human immunodeficiency virus, Lentivirinae, Retroviridae, Virus, Experimental study, Pharmacokinetics, Fluid form, Antibody, Technology, Diagnosis, Evaluation, Screening test, Human, United States, North America, America, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency, Public health organization, Pharmacology
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0361195
Code Inist : 002B06D01. Création : 12/09/1997.