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  1. A role for otoacoustic emissions in screening for hearing impairment and middle ear disorders in school-age children.

    Article - En anglais


    The primary purpose of this study was to investigate the potential role of transient-evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAEs) for screening for hearing impairment and middle ear disorders in school-age children.

    Because TEOAEs are present in ears with normal cochlear and middle ear function and typically are absent or reduced in ears with cochlear and/or middle ear disorders of even mild degree, TEOAE screening could serve as a first-stage screening to separate from the general population of school-age children those at greater risk for hearing impairment and/or middle ear disorder.

    There were two secondary objectives

    First, the relationship between TEOAE measurement variables and measures of middle ear immittance in ears declared clinically normal was investigated.

    Second, the performance of TEOAEs in screening was compared with the performance of the pure-tone hearing and tympanometric screening protocol commonly used in the schools.


    Sixty-six children (ages 5 to 10 yr) participated.

    TEOAEs, pure-tone hearing screening, acoustic immittance (single-frequency and multifrequency tympanometry), and an otoscopic exam by a pediatrician, who previously had been « validated » for identification of middle ear effusion, were done on each child under typical school hearing screening conditions. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Oreille moyenne, Dépistage, Age scolaire, Potentiel évoqué auditif, Prévention, Diagnostic, Audition, Anomalie, Evaluation, Enfant, Homme, ORL pathologie, Oreille moyenne pathologie, Electrodiagnostic, Oreille, Organisation santé

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Middle ear, Medical screening, School age, Auditory evoked potential, Prevention, Diagnosis, Hearing, Anomaly, Evaluation, Child, Human, ENT disease, Middle ear disease, Electrodiagnosis, Ear, Public health organization

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 97-0360882

    Code Inist : 002B24D06. Création : 12/09/1997.