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  1. Gender differences in physician-patient communication : Evidence from pediatric visits.

    Article - En anglais

    Objective 

    To determine whether physician gender and patient gender influence the process of communication and parent and child satisfaction during pediatric office visits.

    Design 

    Content analysis of videotaped pediatric office visits.

    Setting 

    University-based pediatric primary care practice.

    Subjects 

    Videotaped communication between 212 children, ages 4 to 14 years, parents, and physicians.

    Thirty-eight percent were child health supervision visits, and 62% were for the management of minor or chronic illnesses.

    Main Outcome Measores 

    An established coding system of physician-patient communication and measures of parent and child satisfaction with medical care.

    Results 

    Female physician visits were 29% longer than those of male physicians (P<. 001).

    Compared with male physicians, female physicians engaged in more social exchange (P<. 01), more encouragement and reassurance (P<. 01), more communication during the physical examination (P<. 05), and more information gathering (P<. 01) with children.

    Male and female physicians engaged in similar amounts of discussions regarding illness management.

    Children were more satisfied with physicians of the same gender (P<. 05), while parents were more satisfied with female physicians (P<. 05).

    Conclusions 

    Children communicate more with female than with male physicians and show preferences for physicians of the same gender. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Relation médecin malade, Relation soignant famille, Sexe, Satisfaction, Consultation, Durée, Médecin, Enfant, Homme, Pratique professionnelle

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Physician patient relation, Health staff family relation, Sex, Satisfaction, Consultation, Duration, Physician, Child, Human, Professional practice

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 97-0358322

    Code Inist : 002B30A05. Création : 12/09/1997.