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  1. Do work-place smoking bans cause smokers to smoke "harder" ? Results from a naturalistic observational study.

    Article - En anglais

    The purpose of this study was to investigate whether smokers outside buildings with workplace smoking bans smoke « harder » than those smoking in social settings.

    An unobtrusive random observational study of smokers followed by structured interview was used, with 143 smokers taking smoking breaks outside their office buildings and 113 smokers in social settings.

    The main outcome measurements were number of puffs per cigarette and cigarette smoking duration.

    The mean number of puffs per cigarette for the office building group was 18. 7% greater than that for the social settings group (10.7 ± 3.2 vs. 8.7 ± 2.7, t=5.58, df=253, p<0.001) ; 74.8% of smokers outside offices took more than the mean number of puffs for the group compared to 42.5% of smokers in social settings (x2 df 1=26.31, p<0.0001).

    Mean cigarette smoking duration was 30. 4% shorter for the work-place group than the social settings group (3.9±1.2 minutes vs. 5.6 ± 2.6 minutes).

    Of smokers outside offices, 55. 2% had a cigarette smoking duration between 3 and 4.59 minutes, while 53.1% of smokers in social settings took>5 minutes to smoke the observed cigarette (x2 df 2=31.55, p<0. 0001).

    Smokers who scored at the 75th percentile on the Fagerstrom Tolerance Scale took a mean 9.5± 2.6 puffs per cigarette compared to 9.3 ± 2.7 puffs by those who scored in the 25th percentile on the scale (t=0.34, df=145, p=0.73). (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Consommation, Tabac, Tabagisme, Réglementation, Milieu professionnel, Analyse quantitative, Législation, Homme, Interdiction

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Consumption, Tobacco, Tobacco smoking, Regulation, Occupational environment, Quantitative analysis, Legislation, Human

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 97-0357884

    Code Inist : 002B18C05C. Création : 12/09/1997.