AIDS awareness and attitudes among an educated segment of the Indian population were assessed.
The study population was a total of 433 students and faculty in colleges and universities, and research & technical staff of the Public Health Service.
While most knew that sexual intercourse (96%) & injection drug use (85%) could transmit HIV, and that shaking hands (95%) & mosquitoes (86%) could not, 63% did not know that breastfeeding was a mode of transmission and 71% falsely believed that they could acquire HIV by donating blood.
The only variable to correlate positively with knowledge was education.
Knowledge about true and false modes of transmission constituted three distinct dimensions as determined by factor analysis.
An overwhelming majority (90%) harboured at least one hostile view towards persons with AIDS.
Knowledge and education independently correlated with decreased hostility.
There was great concern about the impact of the disease : 85% believed that AIDS is a very serious problem in India and 93% favoured increased government spending on AIDS education.
These results display high levels of knowledge (with some gaps), and widespread support for increased action.
Mots-clés Pascal : SIDA, Virose, Infection, Attitude, Croyance, Prise conscience, Inde, Asie, Homme, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Attitude, Belief, Awareness, India, Asia, Human, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0356927
Code Inist : 002B06D01. Création : 12/09/1997.