Overlap between dental anxiety and blood-injury fears : Psychological characteristics and response to dental treatment.
The relationship between dental anxiety and blood/body injury (BI) fears was examined in a sample of 1420 adults.
Based on their responses to two mail questionnaires, they were classified into one of four groups :
Group 1-neither dentally anxious nor BI fearful ;
Group 2-BI fearful only ;
Group 3-dentally anxious only ;
Group 4-both dentally anxious and BI fearful.
Overall, only 16% of dentally anxious subjects were BI fearful while 31.6% of those with high levels of BI fears were dentally anxious.
While subjects in Group 2 were more fearful of dentistry than those in Group 1, they were substantially less so than subjects in Groups 3 and 4. Moreover, even BI stimuli in the dental setting evoked lower levels of anxiety for subjects in Group 2 compared to Groups 3 and 4. However, rates of fainting or near fainting experiences in the dental situation were similar for all three groups.
Groups 3 and 4 were similar in terms of fear evoking stimuli and patterns of anxiety response.
Subjects in Group 4 had more agoraphobic symptoms and social interaction fears and had higher scores on the Anxiety Sensitivity Index and Speilberger Trait Anxiety Index.
This suggests that Group 4 is comprised of individuals who are more likely to be multiphobic and exhibit generalized anxiety states.
Although BI fears are a significant component of dental anxiety, their overall contribution is relatively small.
Mots-clés Pascal : Trouble anxieux, Phobie, Dentisterie, Sang, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Canada, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Anxiety disorder, Phobia, Dentistry, Blood, Prevalence, Epidemiology, Canada, North America, America, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0356406
Code Inist : 002B18C08C. Création : 12/09/1997.