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  1. Overlap between dental anxiety and blood-injury fears : Psychological characteristics and response to dental treatment.

    Article - En anglais

    The relationship between dental anxiety and blood/body injury (BI) fears was examined in a sample of 1420 adults.

    Based on their responses to two mail questionnaires, they were classified into one of four groups :

    • Group 1-neither dentally anxious nor BI fearful ;

    • Group 2-BI fearful only ;

    • Group 3-dentally anxious only ;

    • Group 4-both dentally anxious and BI fearful.

    Overall, only 16% of dentally anxious subjects were BI fearful while 31.6% of those with high levels of BI fears were dentally anxious.

    While subjects in Group 2 were more fearful of dentistry than those in Group 1, they were substantially less so than subjects in Groups 3 and 4. Moreover, even BI stimuli in the dental setting evoked lower levels of anxiety for subjects in Group 2 compared to Groups 3 and 4. However, rates of fainting or near fainting experiences in the dental situation were similar for all three groups.

    Groups 3 and 4 were similar in terms of fear evoking stimuli and patterns of anxiety response.

    Subjects in Group 4 had more agoraphobic symptoms and social interaction fears and had higher scores on the Anxiety Sensitivity Index and Speilberger Trait Anxiety Index.

    This suggests that Group 4 is comprised of individuals who are more likely to be multiphobic and exhibit generalized anxiety states.

    Although BI fears are a significant component of dental anxiety, their overall contribution is relatively small.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Trouble anxieux, Phobie, Dentisterie, Sang, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Canada, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Homme

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Anxiety disorder, Phobia, Dentistry, Blood, Prevalence, Epidemiology, Canada, North America, America, Human

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 97-0356406

    Code Inist : 002B18C08C. Création : 12/09/1997.