Surgical practice in India is mostly managed by the central and state governments and is totally government financed, offering free medical aid.
However, with the economic growth and affluence of the middle-class population in urban areas, more and more hospitals, nursing homes, and clinics managed by the private sector are arising in cities and towns.
Privately owned hospitals are built and managed by large industrial houses and trusts.
It is essential, according to government directives, for these hospitals to have certain numbers of general beds that will provide for the economically weaker sections of the population.
Medical insurance is popular amongst the urban population ; in addition to well-established insurance companies, many new medical service reimbursement organizations are forming.
Surgical care standards are uniformly high in the larger teaching institutions and hospitals run by the private sector in major cities in India, in which superspecialty surgical care that meets worldwide standards is available in addition to general surgical care.
These hospitals are manned by surgeons holding master's degrees in general surgery, superspecialties, and subspecialties.
In the hospitals and dispensaries in rural areas, only basic surgical facilities are available ; for major surgical procedures, the patients are referred to the closest urban hospitals. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Chirurgie, Inde, Asie, Historique, Education santé, Méthodologie, Forme clinique, Centre recherche, Aspect social, Aspect politique, Article synthèse, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Surgery, India, Asia, Case history, Health education, Methodology, Clinical form, Research center, Social aspect, Political aspect, Review, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0351762
Code Inist : 002B30A04D. Création : 12/09/1997.