Until recently, studies of balance abilities were conducted on nursing home residents or volunteers in a clinical laboratory setting.
Little is known about balance abilities of older adults living independently in large urban cities or who represent different ethnic backgrounds.
The purpose of this study was to describe balance abilities in these individuals.
Older adults (n=251) ranging in age from 60 to 95 years of age (X=74.3, SD=7.7) participated.
The majority of individuals (85.7%) were African-American or Hispanic.
Procedure : The elders were screened for past and current medical conditions, activity level, and confidence in performing interactions with the environment (instrumental activities of daily living), and were administered the Berg Balance Scale, Timed Up and Go, and Reach in Four Directions Test.
The mode on the Berg Balance Scale was 53 (maximum 56).
Mean on the Timed Up and Go was 15 seconds, and Reach in Four Directions Test was :
forward, 8.9in ;
backward, 4.6in ;
right, 6.8in ;
and left 6.6in.
Multiple regression analysis revealed that the frequency of performing activities and the comfort in performing activities without fear of falling significantly contributed to the scores on the balance tests. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Handicap, Dépistage, Vieillard, Homme, Evaluation, Equilibre dynamique, Echelle évaluation, Ambulatoire, Facteur risque, Détérioration, Etude statistique, Système ostéoarticulaire pathologie, Système nerveux pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Handicap, Medical screening, Elderly, Human, Evaluation, Dynamic equilibrium, Evaluation scale, Ambulatory, Risk factor, Deterioration, Statistical study, Diseases of the osteoarticular system, Nervous system diseases
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0351514
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 12/09/1997.