The success of Finnish deinstitutionalization policy among the elderly in 1981-1991 was evaluated in terms of institutionalization rates and case-mix.
Censuses of institutionalized people in all public and private residential homes and health centre hospitals (or nursing homes) were performed in 1981,1986 and 1991.
Data on demographic factors, diagnoses and dependency level were gathered.
Censuses from the closest years of psychiatric patients were also used to obtain a comprehensive view of institutionalization.
The eligibility criteria for the study were (1) age 65 years or more (2) currently in long-term care.
In both men and women the overall relative reduction was 33%, and largest in psychiatric care, at over 67%. In residential home care the relative reduction was about 40%. In health centre hospitals a slight increase was seen, about 10%. Length of stay shortened in residential homes but increased in health centre wards.
Dependency level increased among the elderly people in long-term institutional care during ten years.
In conclusion, the deinstitutionalization rate was substantial among the elderly in Finland.
However, because of rapid demographic change the absolute number of elderly in long-term care remained almost constant.
The case-mix has become more demanding and the proportion of elderly in constant need of extensive help has risen.
Mots-clés Pascal : Désinstitutionnalisation, Vieillard, Homme, Système santé, Organisation santé, Epidémiologie, Tendance, Politique sanitaire, Long séjour, Temps séjour, Finlande, Europe
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Desinstitutionalization, Elderly, Human, Health system, Public health organization, Epidemiology, Trend, Health policy, Long stay, Residence time, Finland, Europe
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0351175
Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 12/09/1997.