The aim of the study was to test the hypothesis that the relatively strong association between income and health. compared to that between education/occupation and health, can partly be interpreted in terms of an association between employment status and health.
Health indicators used were the prevalence of one or more chronic conditions, and perceived general health.
Data were generated from a postal survey, part of the baseline data collection of a Dutch prospective cohort study on socioeconomic inequalities in health.
After controlling for differences in other socioeconomic indicators, the association between income and health was found to be stronger than that between occupation or education and health.
Most of the difference in strength was found to be due to employment status, especially among men.
Controlling for employment status, and controlling for the distribution of those with a long-term work disability in particular, reduced the risks of lower income groups, whereas the risks of lower educational and occupational groups hardly changed.
These results suggest that the relatively strong association between income and health can for a large part be interpreted in terms of an interrelationship between employment status, income and health.
More specifically, it is largely due to the concentration of the long-term disabled in lower income groups. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Santé, Revenu, Activité professionnelle, Statut socioéconomique, Epidémiologie, Corrélation, Homme, Pays Bas, Europe
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Health, Tempering, Professional activity, Socioeconomic status, Epidemiology, Correlation, Human, Netherlands, Europe
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0350708
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 12/09/1997.