There has been an increasing consensus worldwide on how to treat asthma, and, simultaneously, an increase in the sales of antiasthma drugs.
However, little is known about actual drug use, dosage, combinations of drugs, etc., or about the clinical characteristics of patients using these drugs.
All individuals with prescriptions for antiasthma drugs, who came to Icelandic pharmacies during March 1994, were invited to participate.
By means of questionnaires, the pharmacists recorded the age and gender of the patient, the speciality of the prescribing doctor, as well as the name of the drug, total amount prescribed, and dosage.
The patients were asked to answer another questionnaire on their clinical diagnosis, usage of other antiasthma drugs, etc.
The pharmacists registered 2,026 individuals, with 2,687 prescriptions : 1,574 for beta2-agonists, 838 for inhaled corticosteroids, 208 for theophylline, 48 for anticholinergic drugs, and 19 for cromoglycates.
One thousand, three hundred and fifty one patients answered the questionnaires.
The majority (67%) claimed to have asthma, 18% chronic bronchitis, 11% emphysema and 5% other diseases or symptoms.
Among those aged =16 yrs with asthma, 93% used beta2-agonists, 62% inhaled corticosteroids, 19% theophylline, and very few used other drugs The most commonly used combination (57%) was beta2-agonists with inhaled corticosteroids.
Thirty one per cent used beta2-agonts as monotherapy, and 5% used only inhaled corticosteroids. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Asthme, Salbutamol, Chimiothérapie, Bronchodilatateur, Théophylline, Béclométasone dipropionate, Islande, Iles Atlantiques, Traitement, Epidémiologie, Homme, Xanthine dérivé, Corticostéroïde, Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Bronchopneumopathie obstructive
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Asthma, Salbutamol, Chemotherapy, Bronchodilator, Theophylline, Beclometasone dipropionate, Iceland, Atlantic Ocean Islands, Treatment, Epidemiology, Human, Xanthine derivatives, Corticosteroid, Respiratory disease, Obstructive pulmonary disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0350266
Code Inist : 002B02D. Création : 12/09/1997.