A great deal of the care of patients with asthma takes place in general practices.
The aim of the present study was to describe the impact of asthma in the community and to identify current asthma self-management practices.
A two-part questionnaire survey was conducted in a random sample (23% ; n=24,398) of persons aged 16-50 yrs, registered with one of the 41 general practices in Greenwich, London, UK.
The two parts were : a screening questionnaire identifying persons with current asthma (defined as waking with shortness of breath in the last 12 months, attack of asthma in the last 12 months, or currently taking treatment for asthma) ; and an asthma questionnaire (completed by those with asthma) assessing quality of life, frequency of asthma symptoms, possession and use of self-management tools, and action in the event of an exacerbation of asthma The crude response rate was 51%, but this may be an underestimate due to errors in the sampling frame.
The prevalences of wheeze and asthma in the past 12 months were 26% and 14%, respectively.
Among asthma patients :
43% reported symptoms occurring three or more times per week, and 20% were woken by asthma symptoms on three or more nights per week ; most had asthma with a mild impact on quality of life ; 26% used inhaled steroids on most days in the preceding month ; 16% had a peak flow meter at home ; and 7% had oral steroids available. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Asthme, Qualité vie, Prévalence, Bronchodilatateur, Chimiothérapie, Angleterre, Grande Bretagne, Royaume Uni, Europe, Traitement, Epidémiologie, Adulte, Homme, Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Bronchopneumopathie obstructive
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Asthma, Quality of life, Prevalence, Bronchodilator, Chemotherapy, England, Great Britain, United Kingdom, Europe, Treatment, Epidemiology, Adult, Human, Respiratory disease, Obstructive pulmonary disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0350265
Code Inist : 002B11B. Création : 12/09/1997.