Parents'concerns about children's development : Prescreening technique or screening test ?
Due to the limitations of previous studies, parents'concerns have been recommended as a prescreening technique, a brief method for identifying a subset of children in need of more in-depth developmental screening.
The purpose of this study was to assess whether parents'concerns could :
(1) serve instead as a screening measure ;
(2) aid in making focused referral decisions ;
and (3) help pediatricians target families for developmental promotion and in-office counseling.
An additional goal was to determine why most parents'concerns are accurate although some are not.
Public schools and day care centers in four diverse geographic sites representing the northern, central, southern and western United States.
Patients and Other Participants
A total of 408 children between 21 and 84 months of age and their parents, whose socioeconomic and demographic characteristics reflect proportions in the 1990 United States Census.
Main Outcome Measures
Licensed psychological examiners and educational diagnosticians elicited parents'concerns about children's development and measured children's development with a broad battery including measures of intelligence, language, motor, and school skills.
Certain concerns, ie, motor, language, global/cognitive, and school (in children 4 years and older) had high levels of sensitivity and identified 79% of the 56 children with disabilities.
Accurate referrals could be made for 70% of the 56 children. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Dépistage, Trouble développement, Développement psychomoteur, Enfant, Homme, Parent, Intérêt, Aide diagnostic, Anxiété
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Medical screening, Developmental disorder, Psychomotor development, Child, Human, Parent, Interest, Diagnostic aid
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0350100
Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 12/09/1997.