In January 1994, the American Academy of Pediatrics recommended that annual screening with the purified protein derivative tuberculin skin test, Mantoux method, be used for tuberculosis screening in high-risk children.
This test has a better sensitivity and specificity than the previously used multiple puncture test, and patients need to return for a reading done by palpation by a health care professional.
To estimate the prevalence of reactivity to purified protein derivative tuberculin in an urban primary care clinic whose patients meet high-risk criteria and to determine if annual screening is warranted, to determine the adherence to return to the clinic for reading of the skin test, and to describe the characteristics of patients who have tuberculosis infection and disease.
Inner-city, hospital-based primary care pediatric clinic in Baltimore, MD.
A total of 1433 consecutive children attending this clinic from March through September, 1994, who were at risk for tuberculosis because of frequent exposure to poor and medically indigent city dwellers.
The Mantoux test (5TU intradermal injection of purified protein derivative) was administered to children at annual health supervision visits.
Patients were tracked to determine those who returned for a reading by a health care professional and find those with a positive Mantoux test. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Tuberculose, Mycobactériose, Bactériose, Infection, Dépistage, Enfant, Homme, Tuberculine PPD, Test cutané, Evaluation performance, Zone urbaine
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Tuberculosis, Mycobacterial infection, Bacteriosis, Infection, Medical screening, Child, Human, Tuberculin PPD, Skin test, Performance evaluation, Urban area
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0349817
Code Inist : 002B05B02O. Création : 12/09/1997.