Stress and psychiatric disorder in rural Punjab : A community survey.
Background The prevalence of psychiatric disorders in rural Punjab is unknown.
Previous studies in rural areas elsewhere in the Indian subcontinent have yielded widely differing estimates.
Method First-stage screening of a village near Gujar Khan used the Bradford Somatic Inventory and Self Reporting Questionnaire.
Psychiatric interviews were conducted with stratified samples using the ICD-10 Diagnostic Criteria for Research.
Results It is estimated that 66% of women and 25% of men suffered from anxiety and depressive disorders.
Levels of emotional distress increased with age in both genders.
Women living in unitary households reported more distress than those living in extended or joint families.
With younger men and women, lower levels ofeducation were associated with greater risk of psychiatric disorders.
Social disadvantage was associated with more emotional distress.
Conclusions This study in rural Punjab confirms the findings of a previous study in Chitral, northern Pakistan, of high levels of emotional distress and psychiatric morbidity among women in rural areas of Pakistan.
Mots-clés Pascal : Trouble psychiatrique, Stress, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Inde, Asie, Milieu rural, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Mental disorder, Stress, Prevalence, Epidemiology, India, Asia, Rural environment, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0349665
Code Inist : 002B18C14. Création : 12/09/1997.