Women's health in South Africa and particularly women living in peri-urban areas is being influenced by three major factors.
These include the political transition that is occurring in the country, urbanization and the international interest in women's health.
Changes in the delivery of health care to the population, and in particular to women are being planned.
It is therefore important that data are available for the purpose of planning and evaluation of health services.
This paper describes a household survey in which 661 women were interviewed.
Socio-demographic patterns of women living in a rapidly urbanizing area were determined and related to health status, use of health services and knowledge of the services.
Poverty appeared to be an overriding factor affecting the health of the population.
One third of the women were living in unserviced shacks.
There was a high rate of unemployment and those who were employed worked in low status jobs and earned very little.
Rates of reported acute and chronic illness were lower than described elsewhere in similar household interview surveys.
A third of the acute illnesses were due to respiratory disease.
Reported rates of diabetes and hypertension were low indicating undiagnosed disease in the area.
Being a member of an alliance household-a mixture of family, friends and lodgers-was the main predictor of acute illness.
For chronic disease, age and increasing educational status were the main predictors. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Femme, Homme, Santé, Utilisation, Service santé, Zone suburbaine, République Sud Africaine, Afrique, Urbanisation, Pauvreté, Statut socioéconomique, Organisation santé, Système santé, Epidémiologie, Facteur sociodémographique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Woman, Human, Health, Use, Health service, Suburban zone, South Africa, Africa, Urbanization, Poverty, Socioeconomic status, Public health organization, Health system, Epidemiology
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0348933
Code Inist : 002B30A01B. Création : 12/09/1997.