Gender differences in correlates of disablement among the elderly in Egypt.
The purpose of this paper is to examine gender-specific models to determine whether different combinations of correlates are associated with male and female disablement, using a sample of non-institutionalized elderly persons in Egypt.
Because women and men have different work, family, and household roles, as well as different health risks, it is reasonable to assume that there may be differing correlates for disablement for elderly males and females.
The dichotomous dependent variable indicates problems, or the inability, in performing at least one of six activities of daily living (ADL).
Of interest is the association of health, economic, and family variables, controlling for age.
Logistic regression models are estimated for the total, male, and female samples.
The results indicate that for males, having to stop working due to illness and having an unattended medical need are associated with higher odds for disablement as compared with females.
Additionally, illiteracy increases the odds for male disablement, yet it has no effect on female disablement.
Having experienced an injury in the past year is associated with disability for females, as is spending a lifetime in a rural setting and currently living in a fair to poor residence.
Also for the females, increased numher of living children significantly increases the odds for functional disability.
Separate male and female models were estimated for each of the six ADL items. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Activité, Vie quotidienne, Vieillard, Homme, Egypte, Afrique, Sexe, Incapacité
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Activity, Daily living, Elderly, Human, Egypt, Africa, Sex, Disability
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0348931
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 12/09/1997.