Child survival strategies include prolonged and intensive breastfeeding, together with its early initiation, and breastmilk only for the first six months of life.
This paper reports on local knowledge and attitudes of breastfeeding and the sociocultural factors that shape its practice in poor rural Yoruba communities of Southwestern Nigeria.
The study has conducted 10 focus group discussions among homogeneous groups of grandmothers, pregnant women, lactating mothers, husbands, and community health workers, and a questionnaire survey of 256 third trimester pregnant women.
All women in these communities breastfeed their infants on demand, and for up to two years, because breastmilk is universally accepted as the best food for babies, and breastfeeding spaces births.
Prelacteal feedings of water herbal infusions and ritual fluids are the norm, and breastmilk is supplemented, from birth, with water and teas.
Exclusive breastfeeding is considered dangerous to the infant : the baby has an obligatory requirement for supplementary water to quench its thirst and promote its normal development, and for herbal teas which serve as food and medicine.
Colostrum is discarded because it is dirty, « like pus », and therefore potentially harmful to the infant, although 24% of the survey sample would give it to their babies.
Expressed breastmilk is suspect as it can get contaminated, poisoned or bewitched. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Allaitement, Nutrition, Nourrisson, Homme, Enfant, Survie, Promotion santé, Recommandation, Milieu culturel, Connaissance, Attitude, Nigéria, Afrique, Sud ouest, Milieu rural
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Breast feeding, Nutrition, Infant, Human, Child, Survival, Health promotion, Recommendation, Cultural environment, Knowledge, Attitude, Nigeria, Africa, Southwest, Rural environment
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0348930
Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 12/09/1997.