Research indicates that people with serious mental illnesses (SMI : e.g.. schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, bipolar disorder) are at enhanced risk for infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
To decrease this risk, we piloted a six-session HIV-risk reduction intervention for two single-gender groups (nine women, eight men ; M age=39.8 years) of SMI outpatients.
The intervention and assessment were based on the Information-Motivation-Behavioral Skills model of HIV-preventive behavior (Fisher & Fisher, 1992.
Psychological Bulletin, 111,455-474) and employed activities designed specifically for people with a SMI.
Data were collected at pre-and post-intervention, and at a one-month follow-up.
Results indicated that this brief intervention resulted in enhanced HIV-related knowledge. and trends toward enhanced skill at condom use negotiation and condom use self-efficacy.
Overall, a modest decrease in risk behavior among participants was observed.
Thus. this pilot investigation revealed that HIV-related risk of the SMI can be reduced through traditional behavioral skills and education methods.
Future research employing control groups, more intensive interventions. and baseline screening for high risk is encouraged.
Mots-clés Pascal : SIDA, Virose, Infection, Prise risque, Facteur risque, Trouble psychiatrique, Comportement sexuel, Prévention, Programme éducatif, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Homme, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Risk taking, Risk factor, Mental disorder, Sexual behavior, Prevention, Educational schedule, United States, North America, America, Human, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0348745
Code Inist : 002A26N03A. Création : 12/09/1997.