The purpose of the present study was to delineate a health profile of professional Danish army personnel.
Two-hundred twenty officers, noncommissioned officers, and gunners on active duty at Varde Barracks, housing the South Jutland Artillery Regiment and the Danish Army Artillery School, were asked about their physical and psychological health, interpersonal relations, and working conditions as well as their dietary, drinking, and smoking habits.
Measurements were made of resting pulse rate, blood pressure, height, weight, waist and hip girth, and pulmonary function.
The ratio of waist-to-hip girth and body mass index (BMI) were calculated.
Psychological well-being was evaluated using the 12-item version of the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ).
Psychosomatic symptoms were frequently reported, but very few of those surveyed appeared to have psychiatric disorders as measured by the GHQ.
Also, somatic health problems were frequently reported, the most frequent being lower-back pain, mild chest pain, and sensory disorders.
Differences in interpretation and reporting of « lasting health problems » may explain the relatively high score for this question.
The interpersonal relations, both upward and downward in the hierarchy rank order, received high scores.
Compared with the general population, alcohol consumption was very low, whereas smoking-in particular heavy smoking-was much more frequent among professional Danish army personnel. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Questionnaire, Santé, Personnel, Armée, Danemark, Europe, Enquête, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Questionnaire, Health, Personnel, Army, Denmark, Europe, Survey, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0347276
Code Inist : 002B30A01C. Création : 12/09/1997.