- To update recommendations issued by the American Heart Association last published in 1990 for the prevention of bacterial endocarditis in individuals at risk for this disease.
- An ad hoc writing group appointed by the American Heart Association for their expertise in endocarditis and treatment with liaison members representing the American Dental Association, the Infectious Diseases Society of America, the American Academy of Pediatrics, and the American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy.
Evidence. - The recommendations in this article reflect analyses of relevant literature regarding procedure-related endocarditis, in vitro susceptibility data of pathogens causing endocarditis, results of prophylactic studies in animal models of endocarditis, and retrospective analyses of human endocarditis cases in terms of antibiotic prophylaxis usage patterns and apparent prophylaxis failures.
MEDLINE database searches from 1936 through 1996 were done using the root words endocarditis, bacteremia, and antibiotic prophylaxis.
Recommendations in this document fall into evidence level III of the US Preventive Services Task Force categories of evidence.
Consensus Process. - The recommendations were formulated by the writing group after specific therapeutic regimens were discussed. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Endocardite, Bactérie, Facteur risque, Recommandation, Prévention, Article synthèse, Chimioprophylaxie, Homme, Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Cardiopathie, Endocarde pathologie, Organisation santé, Infection, Bactériose
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Endocarditis, Bacteria, Risk factor, Recommendation, Prevention, Review, Chemoprophylaxis, Human, Cardiovascular disease, Heart disease, Endocardial disease, Public health organization, Infection, Bacteriosis
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0342809
Code Inist : 002B05B02D. Création : 12/09/1997.