Out of 2494 subjects screened in a Nigerian community, 28 patients with dementia were identified.
Alzheimer's disease was diagnosed in 18 patients (64.3%), 16 of whom had probable Alzheimer's disease.
Eight patients (28.6%) had vascular dementia while one patient each had parkinsonism with dementia and depression with dementia.
Patients with Alzheimer's disease were significantly older, predominantly females and illiterates.
Cognitive deficit commonly took the form of memory and judgment impairment while financial mismanagement was the most frequent impaired activity of daily living.
More than half of the cases had mild disease on severity rating and were comprised mainly of Alzheimer's disease subjects.
These results confirm the higher frequency of Alzheimer's disease over the other types as reported in other communities.
Mots-clés Pascal : Démence Alzheimer, Dépistage, Diagnostic, Méthodologie, Facteur risque, Communauté, Exploration clinique, Pronostic, Homme, Système nerveux pathologie, Système nerveux central pathologie, Encéphale pathologie, Maladie dégénérative
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Alzheimer disease, Medical screening, Diagnosis, Methodology, Risk factor, Community, Clinical investigation, Prognosis, Human, Nervous system diseases, Central nervous system disease, Cerebral disorder, Degenerative disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0342312
Code Inist : 002B17G. Création : 12/09/1997.