Hospitalizing the suicidal adolescent : Decision-making criteria of psychiatric residents.
The primary purpose of this research is to investigate the criteria used by general psychiatric residents in determining the appropriateness of hospitalization.
A questionnaire containing 64 vignettes describing adolescent suicide attempts was completed by a sample of 33 residents from a general psychiatry training program.
Six variables known to relate to lethality of attempt were systematically varied within the vignettes : gender, depression, conduct disorder/substance abuse, previous attempts, suicidal relative, and family supports.
Respondents were asked to judge the appropriateness of hospitalization for each vignette.
Hospitalization preference was significantly predicted by all risk factors except for gender, with the presence of depression emerging as the most important predictor of hospitalization.
Residents recommended hospitalization more frequently than did experienced child and adolescent clinicians.
In comparison with experienced clinicians, residents placed more importance on depression, and less importance on conduct disorder/substance abuse, in making decisions to hospitalize.
Although psychiatric residents use known risk factors for adolescent suicide in assessing need for hospitalization, there was clear support for further training initiatives for psychiatric residents concerning the assessment of suicidal adolescents.
Mots-clés Pascal : Hospitalisation, Tentative suicide, Prise décision, Interne(étudiant), Psychiatrie, Critère, Adolescent, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Hospitalization, Suicide attempt, Decision making, Resident(student), Psychiatry, Criterion, Adolescent, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0341409
Code Inist : 002A26H04. Création : 12/09/1997.