- To describe tobacco use in Vietnam and the impact of transnational tobacco corporations there.
- ln cities, a multistage cluster design ; in communes, a systematic sample design, using face-to-face interviews in all sites.
- Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, and 2 rural communes in Vietnam.
- Random samples totaling 2004 men and women aged 18 years or older.
- Prevalence and correlates of tobacco smoking, amount and duration of smoking, age at initiation, quitting behavior, knowledge of health hazards of and attitudes toward smoking, and cigarette brand smoked, preferred, and recognized as most widely advertised.
- Smoking prevalence among men (n=970) was 72.8% and 4.3% among women (n=1031).
Male smokers had smoked a mean of 15.5 years ; the median age at initiation was 19.5 years.
Among male smokers, 16% smoked non-Vietnamese cigarettes.
More than twice as many (38%), however, said that they would prefer to smoke a non-Vietnamese brand they could afford the cost.
Among those who recalled any cigarette advertising (38%), 71% recalled a non-Vietnamese brand as the most commonly advertised.
Male smokers who were significantly more likely to smoke non-Vietnamese brands lived in the south, were engaged in blue collar or business/service occupations, earned higher incomes, and lived in urban areas.
- Vietnam has the highest reported male smoking prevalence rate in the world. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Tabagisme, Vietnam, Asie, Homme, Epidémiologie, Industrie, Coût, Analyse multivariable
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Tobacco smoking, Vietnam, Asia, Human, Epidemiology, Industry, Costs, Multivariate analysis
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0340267
Code Inist : 002B03E. Création : 12/09/1997.