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  1. Pediatric window-cord strangulations in the United States, 1981-1995.

    Article - En anglais

    Objectlve. - To document the prevalence of pediatric asphyxial death from window-covering cords in the United States and identify associated risk factors.

    Design

    - Retrospective analysis of existing death certificate and incident files compiled by the US Consumer Product Safety Commission.

    Setting

    - United States, 1981 through 1995.

    Patients

    - Children aged 1 month to 8 years suffering unintentional traumatic asphyxiation from a window-covering cord.

    Results

    - A total of 183 fatal window-cord strangulations were reported for the years 1981 through 1995, representing a mortality rate of 0.14 (95% confidence interval [Cl], 0.10-0.18) per 100 000 persons (% 3 years old) per year in the United States.

    Ninety-three percent of victims were 3 years of age or younger.

    Pull cords on venetian-type horizontal window coverings accounted for 86% of documented injuries.

    Infant victims were more likely to become entangled while put down for a nap and toddlers were more likely to be suspended by the cord after falling or jumping from a height (P=002).

    Window coverings remained anchored and did not undrape when substantial weight was suspended in the draw-cord loop.

    Conclusions

    - Window-covering cords represent a substantial strangulation hazard compared with other potentially harmful household products that were modified based on voluntary standards to mitigate the risk of injury. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Accident domestique, Enfant, Homme, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Strangulation, Corde, Epidémiologie, Education, Prévention, Rideau

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Household accident, Child, Human, United States, North America, America, Strangulation, String, Epidemiology, Education, Prevention

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 97-0340013

    Code Inist : 002B16N. Création : 12/09/1997.