Objectlve. - To document the prevalence of pediatric asphyxial death from window-covering cords in the United States and identify associated risk factors.
- Retrospective analysis of existing death certificate and incident files compiled by the US Consumer Product Safety Commission.
- United States, 1981 through 1995.
- Children aged 1 month to 8 years suffering unintentional traumatic asphyxiation from a window-covering cord.
- A total of 183 fatal window-cord strangulations were reported for the years 1981 through 1995, representing a mortality rate of 0.14 (95% confidence interval [Cl], 0.10-0.18) per 100 000 persons (% 3 years old) per year in the United States.
Ninety-three percent of victims were 3 years of age or younger.
Pull cords on venetian-type horizontal window coverings accounted for 86% of documented injuries.
Infant victims were more likely to become entangled while put down for a nap and toddlers were more likely to be suspended by the cord after falling or jumping from a height (P=002).
Window coverings remained anchored and did not undrape when substantial weight was suspended in the draw-cord loop.
- Window-covering cords represent a substantial strangulation hazard compared with other potentially harmful household products that were modified based on voluntary standards to mitigate the risk of injury. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Accident domestique, Enfant, Homme, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Strangulation, Corde, Epidémiologie, Education, Prévention, Rideau
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Household accident, Child, Human, United States, North America, America, Strangulation, String, Epidemiology, Education, Prevention
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0340013
Code Inist : 002B16N. Création : 12/09/1997.