The authors extend frustration-aggression theory to hypothesize that increasing frequency of layoffs has countervailing influences on violence depending on how many people lose jobs compared to how many fear job loss.
The authors offer a model that estimates the net effect of these processes on the incidence of violence in a community.
The model specifies a parabolic function in which small increases in layoffs are associated with increased incidence of violence, but large increases are associated with reduced incidence.
The model was tested with time-series methods by using weekly data from San Francisco.
The independent variable was initial claims for unemployment compensation ; the dependent variable was civil commitments for behavior that is dangerous to others.
The model fit the data for both men and women.
Implications of the model for economic policy and the provision of preventive services are discussed.
Mots-clés Pascal : Politique économique, Marché travail, Violence, Trouble comportement social, Incidence, Epidémiologie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Sexe, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Economic policy, Labour market, Violence, Social behavior disorder, Incidence, Epidemiology, United States, North America, America, Sex, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0339830
Code Inist : 002B18C04. Création : 12/09/1997.