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  1. Short term effects of ambient sulphur dioxide and particulate matter on mortality in 12 European cities : results from time series data from the APHEA project.

    Article - En anglais

    Objectives 

    To carry out a prospective combined quantitative analysis of the associations between all cause mortality and ambient particulate matter and sulphur dioxide.

    Design 

    Analysis of time series data on daily number of deaths from all causes and concentrations of sulphur dioxide and particulate matter (measured as black smoke or particles smaller than 10 mum in diameter (PM10)) and potential confounders.

    Setting 

    12 European cities in the APHEA project (Air Pollution and Health : a European Approach).

    Main outcome measure 

    Relative risk of death.

    Results 

    In western European cities it was found that an increase of 50 mug/m3 in sulphur dioxide or black smoke was associated with a 3% (95% confidence interval 2% to 4%) increase in daily mortality and the corresponding figure for PM10 was 2% (1% to 3%). In central eastern European cities the increase in mortality associated with a 50 mug/m3 change in sulphur dioxide was 0.8% (-0.1% to 2.4%) and in black smoke 0.6% (0.1% to 1.1%). Cumulative effects of prolonged (two to four days) exposure to air pollutants resulted in estimates comparable with the one day effects.

    The effects of both pollutants were stronger during the summer and were mutually independent.

    Conclusions 

    The internal consistency of the results in western European cities with wide differences in climate and environmental conditions suggest that these associations may be causal. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Soufre dioxyde, Polluant, Pollution air, Mortalité, Toxicité, Court terme, Santé et environnement, Analyse quantitative, Homme, Epidémiologie, Europe, Etude multicentrique

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Sulfur dioxide, Pollutant, Air pollution, Mortality, Toxicity, Short term, Health and environment, Quantitative analysis, Human, Epidemiology, Europe, Multicenter study

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 97-0338815

    Code Inist : 002B30A02A. Création : 12/09/1997.