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  1. Adolescents'exposure to community and school violence : Prevalence and behavioral correlates.

    Article - En anglais

    Purpose 

    The purpose of this research was to study adolescents'perceptions of violence in their communities and schools and examine the relationship between these reports and their emotional and behavioral functioning, controlling for the effects of family violence and other sociodemographic variables.

    Methods 

    Respondents included 935 urban and suburban high school students who completed the Youth Self-Report (YSR) as well as measures assessing their perceptions of community, school, and family violence.

    Results 

    This sample of high school students was exposed to high levels of violence in their communities and schools.

    Over 45% of the students reported witnessing severe forms of violence such as a shooting or stabbing in their communities or schools during the year prior to the study.

    Hierarchic regression analyses revealed that for males, exposure to community and school violence was a significant predictor of aggressive acting-out behaviors, even when controlling for the effects of family violence and other sociodemographic variables.

    For girls, only exposure to school violence was a significant predictor of aggression.

    The results for internalizing scores (depression, withdrawal) were less impressive, particularly for males. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Violence, Trouble comportement social, Exposition, Milieu scolaire, Milieu familial, Environnement social, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Sexe, Adolescent, Homme, Témoin oculaire

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Violence, Social behavior disorder, Exposure, School environment, Family environment, Social environment, Prevalence, Epidemiology, United States, North America, America, Sex, Adolescent, Human

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 97-0338530

    Code Inist : 002B18C04. Création : 12/09/1997.