This study examined the allocation of food within 105 Nepali households using a combination of recall and observation methods.
While a relationship exists between caloric intake and sufficiency of intake of several key micronutrients (i.e., beta carotene, vitamin C and iron) for the study population as a whole, this relationship is weaker for certain subgroups.
In particular, micronutrient intakes of adolescent girls and adult women are much less likely to he tied to total caloric consumption when compared with the intakes of other household members.
This gender differential appears linked in part to specific food beliefs and practices that tend to reduce women consumption of micronutrient-rich foods, such as dietary restrictions during menstruation, pregnancy and lactation.
Overlapping with these beliefs and practices, an overall pattern of disfavoritism of females in the intrahousehold allocation of food is evident in the study communities.
While staple food items (i.e. rice, lentil soup, bread. etc.) are distributed fairly equally, side dishes usually containing a higher proportion of micronutrients (i.e. vegetables, meat, yogurt, ghee, etc.) are often preferentially allocated to valued household members, including adult males and small children (of both sexes).
Mots-clés Pascal : Consommation alimentaire, Comportement alimentaire, Calorie, Micronutriment, Milieu culturel, Répartition ressource, Distribution, Aliment, Milieu familial, Homme, Age, Sexe, Milieu rural, Népal, Asie, Nutrition, Discrimination
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Food intake, Feeding behavior, Calorie, Micronutrient, Cultural environment, Resource repartition, Distribution, Food, Family environment, Human, Age, Sex, Rural environment, Nepal, Asia, Nutrition, Discrimination
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0338422
Code Inist : 002B29B. Création : 12/09/1997.