Intrahousehold food allocation is an important determinant of child health and survival.
In this paper I explore the ways in which food is distributed to young children in Ura Ayllu, a farming community located in the southern Peruvian highlands (Province of Sandia, Department of Puno, Peru).
Quantitative data on energy intake and growth status are analyzed for two groups of children : toddlers (one through three years) and preschoolers (four through six years).
The analyses indicate no gender differences in energy intake or growth among toddlers (one through three years) and preschoolers (four through six years) and that young children do not appear to be deprived of food relative to older household members, especially adults.
Relative to standards specific to Andean populations, the mean caloric content of the toddler diet falls slightly below the estimated requirement for that age group while the preschooler diet is found to be calorically adequate.
This paper also examines the ideological bases that shape food allocation within households.
Regarding the local concepts and cultural rules that guide food allocation to children, Ura Ayllinos view young children as developmentally immature and believe their dietary and health needs are different from those of older children and adults.
Infants and young children are considered weak (debil) and vulnerable to illness. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Milieu familial, Distribution, Aliment, Répartition ressource, Enfant, Homme, Milieu rural, Sexe, Développement staturopondéral, Calorie, Milieu culturel, Discrimination, Pérou, Amérique du Sud, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Family environment, Distribution, Food, Resource repartition, Child, Human, Rural environment, Sex, Somatic growth, Calorie, Cultural environment, Discrimination, Peru, South America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0337945
Code Inist : 002B30A11. Création : 12/09/1997.