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  1. Evaluation of the effects of an ergonomic-educational programme : The assessment of "ergonomic errors" made during the performance of nursing tasks.

    Article - En anglais

    Objectives 

    The objectives of this study were (i) To establish whether it is possible to assess by means of a check-list in a reliable way errors which violated biomechanical and ergonomical principles during nursing tasks, and (ii) to study the effectiveness of an ergonomic-educational course by using this check-list.

    Materials and methods 

    Trainees (n=12) and a control group of nurses (n=12) who did not attend the course, performed three nursing activities at three points in time under standardized conditions ; once before and twice after the course had ended.

    Their performances were recorded on video.

    A check-list was developed to assess the number of ergonomic errors made during the test performances.

    Two observers completed the checklists after having watched five videotapes, and one of them did this for a second time 3 weeks later, in order to assess inter-and intra-observer reliability.

    In addition the tapes of all nurses were scored and analysed on differences in the performance of the two groups at the three points in time.

    Percentage of agreement and kappa (K) was used to express inter-and intra-observer reliability.

    Student's t-test was used to analyse the differences in mean percentages of errors.

    Results 

    The inter-and intra-observer reliability were 92% with K of 0.84, and 93% with K of 0.86, respectively.

    Further results showed that the mean percentages of errors made by the control group remained the same at the three measurement times. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Infirmier, Personnel sanitaire, Homme, Ergonomie, Education santé, Programme sanitaire, Pratique professionnelle, Nursing, Médecine travail

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Nurse, Health staff, Human, Ergonomics, Health education, Sanitary program, Professional practice, Nursing, Occupational medicine

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 97-0336632

    Code Inist : 002B30A05. Création : 12/09/1997.