A cross-sectional survey was undertaken to describe risk-taking behaviors and to assess the knowledge and risk perception of HIV and AIDS among young males aged 18 to 29 years in 82 villages in Longchuan, Yunnan, China, in 1994.
Information on demographic, behavioral, and drug-using factors, and knowledge of HIV transmission and prevention, and risk perception was collected using an interviewer-administered anonymous questionnaire.
A total of 1,548 individuals were interviewed and 433 drug users, including 52 nonsharing injectors and 140 sharing injectors, were identified.
Over half the individuals scored 0 on HIV knowledge, but knowledge was greater among nonsharing drug injectors.
Most drug injectors had initiated drug injection after 1990.
The reported incidence continues to increase in all three major ethnic groups.
Sharing of equipment was common (73%) among injectors.
Drug users were four times more likely to have had premarital or extramarital sex, but condoms were used by only 2.5%. Thus, factors promoting spreading of HIV are common in this area.
We recommend that a community-based intervention program, targeting both young men and women, be implemented and evaluated in Longchuan as soon as possible.
Mots-clés Pascal : Comportement sexuel, Toxicomanie, Voie intraveineuse, Partage, Seringue, SIDA, Virose, Infection, Prise risque, Epidémiologie, Adulte jeune, Homme, Connaissance, Perception sociale, Risque, Prévention, Chine, Asie, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Sexual behavior, Drug addiction, Intravenous administration, Sharing, Syringe, AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Risk taking, Epidemiology, Young adult, Human, Knowledge, Social perception, Risk, Prevention, China, Asia, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0334842
Code Inist : 002B30A03C. Création : 12/09/1997.