Characteristics of elderly psychiatric patients retained in a state hospital during downsizing : A prospective study with replication.
This study examined the clinical characteristics of elderly inpatients associated with retention in a large state hospital during a period of rapid reduction in the inpatient census.
During the first year of the study all inpatients age 65 or greater were individually evaluated.
Patients remaining in the hospital during the second year were reevaluated and followed for an additional year.
Separate statistical analysis of the data allowed for replication of findings.
The study was conducted at Pilgrim Psychiatric Center, the largest state hospital in New York State.
The entire inpatient population over the age of 65 were included in the study (N=806).
The average age of the sample was 76 years and 70% were assigned a lifetime research diagnosis of schizophrenia.
The majority of patients were hospitalized for long periods (mean=33.9 years) and had significant cognitive impairment.
Main outcome measures
Cognitive functioning was assessed on the Clinical Dementia Rating Scale.
Severity of psychiatric symptoms was evaluated on the PANSS.
Occurrence of dangerous behavior and medical and psychiatric treatment were obtained from the patients'medical histories.
Mots-clés Pascal : Schizophrénie, Psychose, Hospitalisation, Trouble cognition, Symptomatologie, Trouble psychiatrique, Hôpital psychiatrique, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Long séjour, Vieillard, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Schizophrenia, Psychosis, Hospitalization, Cognitive disorder, Symptomatology, Mental disorder, Psychiatric hospital, United States, North America, America, Long stay, Elderly, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0334390
Code Inist : 002B18E. Création : 12/09/1997.