Clinical studies have found elevated rates of childhood sexual abuse (CSA) in women seeking treatment for alcohol or drug abuse, and elevated rates of alcohol and drug disorders among female psychiatric patients with histories of CSA.
The present study examines the relationship of CSA to women's use of alcohol and other drugs in a large, nationally representative sample of U.S. women.
As part of a national survey of women's drinking, 1,099 women were asked about sexual experiences occurring before age 18.
Women who reported sexual experiences classified as abusive were compared to women without histories of CSA on nine measures of substance use, self-perception of anxiousness, the occurrence of one or more lifetime depressive episodes, five measures of sexual dysfunction, and early onset of masturbation and consensual sexual intercourse.
Results of logit analyses, controlling for age, ethnicity and parental education, indicated that women with histories of CSA were significantly more likely than women without CSA histories to report recent alcohol use, intoxication, drinking-related problems and alcohol dependence symptoms ; lifetime use of prescribed psychoactive drugs and illicit drugs ; depression and anxiety ; pain that prevented intercourse ; and consensual sexual intercourse before age 15.
Findings from this U.S. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Consommation, Boisson alcoolisée, Substance toxicomanogène, Facteur risque, Antécédent, Traumatisme infantile, Abus sexuel, Victimologie, Epidémiologie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Adulte, Homme, Femelle
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Consumption, Alcoholic beverage, Drug of abuse, Risk factor, Antecedent, Early traumatism, Sexual abuse, Victimology, Epidemiology, United States, North America, America, Adult, Human, Female
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0329763
Code Inist : 002B18F02. Création : 12/09/1997.