Access to mental health care in an inner-city health district. I : Pathways into and within specialist psychiatric services.
Background Needs for mental health care are likely to be high in urban areas.
Purchasers must assess the extent to which these are being met.
The'pathways to care'model provides a framework for this purpose.
Method Epidemiological surveys of adults living in deprived multi-ethnic inner-city catchment area were undertaken in psychiatric services, primary care and community settings.
Estimated prevalence rates were calculated and the association between clinical and demographic factors and the use of psychiatric services examined.
Results Around a third of people with mental health problems did not consult a GP, and half failed to have their problems recognised by their doctor.
Access to psychiatric services and especially to inpatient care was highly restricted.
Diagnosis and ethnicity had a marked influence on the use of specialist services.
Conclusions Many people with psychiatric morbidity are not receiving treatment either from primary care or specialist services.
High levels of severe morbidity and compulsory admissions highlightthe pressures placed on inner-city psychiatric services.
Mots-clés Pascal : Trouble psychiatrique, Accessibilité, Service santé, Santé mentale, Milieu urbain, Consultation privée, Médecin généraliste, Consultation psychiatrique, Angleterre, Grande Bretagne, Royaume Uni, Europe, Homme, Filière soins
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Mental disorder, Accessibility, Health service, Mental health, Urban environment, Private consultation, General practitioner, Psychiatric consultation, England, Great Britain, United Kingdom, Europe, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0326739
Code Inist : 002B18H05B. Création : 12/09/1997.