Objectives-To examine the effect of occupation on respiratory symptoms in a randomly selected adult population aged 20-44 years.
Methods-It is based on the phase II sampling of the New Zealand part of the European Community respiratory health survey. 1609 people (63.9% response rate) completed a detailed respiratory questionnaire.
Of those responding, 1174 (73%) underwent skin tests and 1126 (70%) attended to undergo methacholine bronchial challenge.
Current occupation was recorded and a previous occupation was also recorded if it had led to respiratory problems. 21 occupational groups were used for analysis for the five definitions of asthma :
wheezing in the previous 12 months ;
symptoms related to asthma ;
bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR) ;
BHR with wheezing in the previous 12 months ;
and BHR with symptoms related to asthma.
Prevalence odds ratios (ORs) were significantly increased for farmers and farm workers (OR 4.16,95% confidence interval (95% CI) 1.33 to 13.1 for the combination of wheezing and BHR).
Increased risks of prevalence of asthma were also found for laboratory technicians, food processors (other than bakers), chemical workers, and plastic and rubber workers.
Workers had also been divided into high and low risk exposure categories according to relevant publications.
The prevalence of wheezing was greater in the high risk group (OR 1.57,95% CI 0.83 to 2.95) than in the low risk group. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Asthme, Exposition professionnelle, Epidémiologie, Profession, Activité professionnelle, Nouvelle Zélande, Océanie, Adulte jeune, Homme, Médecine travail, Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Bronchopneumopathie obstructive, Allergie, Immunopathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Asthma, Occupational exposure, Epidemiology, Profession, Professional activity, New Zealand, Oceania, Young adult, Human, Occupational medicine, Respiratory disease, Obstructive pulmonary disease, Allergy, Immunopathology
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0326030
Code Inist : 002B11B. Création : 12/09/1997.