Prior evidence on the relationship between hostility and minor health problems is limited to cross-sectional self-report studies.
In the present study, this relationship was examined prospectively.
Hostility of 1077 municipal employees was measured by a questionnaire survey and minor health problems by using 4-year register-based absence data including medically certificated diagnoses.
High hostility predicted a high total number of long-term sickness absence spells among men, but not among women.
In separate diagnostic categories (musculo-skeletal, traumas and injuries, respiratory), hostility related positively and linearly to absences due to traumatic causes and curvilinearly (U-shape) to absences due to musculo-skeletal causes.
Controlling the effects of health risk behaviour and demographic background did not significantly change these figures.
However, health risk behaviour moderated the relations of hostility to overall long-term sickness absences, and to traumatic and musculo-skeletal absences, being significantly stronger in high-risk groups.
No association was found between hostility and non-certificated short-term absence spells.
The results suggest that hostility plays a role in the aetiology of minor health problems.
Mots-clés Pascal : Absentéisme, Activité professionnelle, Employé, Maladie, Hostilité, Personnalité, Etiologie, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Absenteeism, Professional activity, Employee, Disease, Hostility, Personality, Etiology, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0324738
Code Inist : 002A26L10. Création : 12/09/1997.