To quantify the number of individuals bitten, the number of bites per patient, and the types of injuries and complications caused by law enforcement K-9 dog bites treated in the Jail Ward Emergency Department of the Los Angeles County-University of Southern California Medical Center.
These variables were compared before and after a change in K-9 police policy from the « bite-and-hold » to the « find-and-bark » technique or stricter controls were instituted over the K-9 teams.
A retrospective chart review of all patients in police custody with K-9 dog bites who presented to the Jail Ward ED between January 1,1988, and December 31,1995, was conducted.
Demographic data of patients with K-9 dog bites, the number and location of bites, complications, procedures performed, and management of bites were recorded and compared between the periods 1988-1991 (before the policy changes) and 1992-1995 (after the changes).
Between 1988 and 1995 790 in-custody patients were treated for K-9 dog bites in the Jail Ward ED ; 705 charts were available for review.
Nearly all the patients (98.6%) were male, with a mean age of 25 ; 85.0% were Hispanic or black.
More than half (57.2%) sustained three or more bites, mainly to the extremities.
Complications ensued in 19.3% : vascular in 7.0%, infection in 5.0%, fracture or cortical violation in 4.0%, nerve injury in 1.9%, and tendon injury in 1.1%. Half (49.9%) were hospitalized, with a median stay of 3 days. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Morsure, Chien, Fissipedia, Carnivora, Mammalia, Vertebrata, Animal, Symptomatologie, Accident corporel, Complication, Aspect juridique, Réglementation, Evolution, Prévalence, Homme, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Prévention
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Bite, Dog, Fissipedia, Carnivora, Mammalia, Vertebrata, Animal, Symptomatology, Personal injury, Complication, Legal aspect, Regulation, Evolution, Prevalence, Human, United States, North America, America, Prevention
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0324561
Code Inist : 002B30A09. Création : 12/09/1997.