To compare the costs incurred on infant feeding between the mothers who exclusively breastfed their infants and those who introduced supplements up to 6 months of age.
Longitudinal follow up.
Urban slums of south Delhi.
One hundred normal mother infant pairs fulfilling the prelaid criteria were recruited at the time of birth and followed up for determining the feeding practices.
The cost of feeding was estimated at prevalent market prices in terms of food supplement and medical treatment of infant and additional nutritional intake of mothers.
The differences in costs in exclusively and partially breastfed groups were analyzed at 3,4,5 and 6 months of age.
There was a sharp decline of exclusive breastfeeding from birth to six months.
The mean cost of infant feeding was Rs. 204/-per month in partially breasfed as compared to Rs. 106/-in exclusively breastfed at 6 months of age.
The increased cost was largely attributable to supplementary food and the cost of feeding bottles. (83% of mothers used bottles).
The mean cost of infant feeding is substantially higher in partially breastfed children.
Mots-clés Pascal : Allaitement, Alimentation, Nourrisson, Homme, Coût, Etude longitudinale, Inde, Asie, Aspect économique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Breast feeding, Feeding, Infant, Human, Costs, Follow up study, India, Asia, Economic aspect
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0319110
Code Inist : 002B20G01. Création : 12/09/1997.