A number of studies have suggested that clinical populations of adolescents may report hallucinations and/or delusions without meeting criteria for a psychotic disorder.
The purpose of this study was to provide information about the prevalence and symptom correlates of these subclinical hallucinations and delusions that occur in a nonpsychotic population of adolescents.
Thirty-eight adolescents from a residential program and day treatment center were assessed with respect to hallucinatory experiences, ideas of reference, paranoid ideation, dissociative experiences, depressive symptomatology, and schizotypal cognitions.
Results of this study indicated that 33% of the participants reported having experienced auditory hallucinations, and 24% reported having had delusional ideas.
In addition, the results suggest that subclinical auditory hallucinations may have an especially strong relation with dissociative processes, whereas subclinical delusions appeared to be most strongly correlated with schizotypal thought processes.
The results of this study begin to clarify the phenomenon of hallucinatory and delusional experiences in a nonpsychotic population.
Mots-clés Pascal : Hallucination, Délire, Etat dépressif, Trouble humeur, Symptomatologie, Psychose, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Adolescent, Homme, Trouble dissociatif, Schizotypie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Hallucination, Delusion, Depression, Mood disorder, Symptomatology, Psychosis, Prevalence, Epidemiology, Adolescent, Human, Dissociative disorder, Schizotypy
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0316085
Code Inist : 002B18C14. Création : 12/09/1997.