Psychopathologic risk factors for intentional and nonintentional injury.
Annual Meeting of the Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma. Orlando, Florida (USA), 1996/01/10.
Trauma has a high rate of recurrence, suggesting that some people are more injury-prone than others.
This study was performed to evaluate some of the psychological and social factors that might influence the likelihood of traumatic injury.
A case-control study was conducted to evaluate the relationship between selected psychosocial factors and traumatic injury.
At a Level I trauma center, victims of intentional trauma (excluding attempted suicide), victims of nonintentional trauma, and patients undergoing elective surgery were interviewed by a person blinded to the purposes of the study.
They were given an intelligence test and underwent a structured interview, yielding psychiatric diagnostic categories established in the third edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Revised (DSM-III-R).
Trauma patients were younger than elective surgery patients (p<0.01) and were more likely to be men (p<0.01).
Victims of intentional injury had a higher probability of alcohol use (p<0.01) and admitted illicit drug use (p<0.001) than either nonintentional injury victims or elective surgery patients.
Victims of intentional injury were more likely to be unemployed than those in the other two groups (p<0.02), whereas elective surgery patients were more likely to be retired (p<0.05) or to be disabled (p<0.0001). (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Traumatisme, Homme, Epidémiologie, Facteur risque, Comportement social, Psychopathologie, Alcool, Substance toxicomanogène, Prévention
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Trauma, Human, Epidemiology, Risk factor, Social behavior, Psychopathology, Alcohol, Drug of abuse, Prevention
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0314042
Code Inist : 002B16N. Création : 12/09/1997.