To develop a simple index able to identify at an early stage those elderly patients at high risk of requiring discharge to a residential or nursing home after admission to hospital for acute care.
For these patients, early discharge planning might lead to a more effective management and reduce the length of hospitalisation.
This was a prospective study conducted in two teaching hospitals in Paris, France.
A total of 510 consecutive patients was included.
They were aged 75 years or more and had been admitted to acute medical care units through the emergency department.
Demographic data, social support, physical disability, mental disability, and pathologic status were assessed shortly after admission (within 24-48 hours).
Outcome of hospitalisation was defined as discharge to home or residential/nursing home.
The index, developed by multiple logistic regression, included six variables : the wish of patients'principal carer about their returning home after acute hospitalisation, presence of a chronic condition, ability to perform toileting, ability to know the name of the hospital or the city, their age, and their living arrangements.
The sensitivity of the index in identifying patients at high risk of requiring discharge to a residential/nursing home was 74.4%, the specificity 63.8%, the positive predictive value was 57.8%, and the negative predictive value was 80.6%. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Sortie hôpital, Planification, Vieillard, Homme, Orientation, Etablissement troisième âge, Prédiction, Stade précoce, Facteur risque, Echelle évaluation, Pronostic, France, Europe
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Hospital discharge, Planning, Elderly, Human, Orientation, Homes for the aged, Prediction, Early stage, Risk factor, Evaluation scale, Prognosis, France, Europe
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0313325
Code Inist : 002B30A01C. Création : 12/09/1997.