Symposium "Community Respiratory Viral Infections in the Immunocompromised Host". .
The acute respiratory illnesses are the most common type of acute illness in the United States today.
The respiratory viruses-which include influenza viruses, parainfluenza viruses, respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), rhinoviruses, coronaviruses, and adenoviruses-cause the majority of these illnesses.
Some of these viruses cause illness throughout the year, whereas others are most common in winter.
All population groups experience these infections and illnesses.
As the number of elderly persons and those with underlying disease increases, awareness is growing that these common infections can have serious consequences.
This has recently been emphasized for immunocompromised persons.
At the M.D. Anderson Cancer Center (MDACC), infection surveillance of mostly hospitalized adults with leukemia or a recent bone marrow transplant yielded a respiratory virus from 181 of 668 (27.1%) respiratory illness episodes.
In descending order of frequency, infections with RSV, rhinoviruses, influenza viruses, parainfluenza viruses, and adenoviruses were detected in each of three surveillance years.
High frequencies of nosocomial acquisition occurred, as has been noted in prior reports.
Similarly, persistence of infection and high frequencies of pneumonia and death among infected patients occurred, which have also been noted earlier.
At MDACC, pneumonia occurred in 58-78% of infected patients, and 22-44% died. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Infection, Appareil respiratoire, Virose, Immunocompétence, Immunodéficit, Epidémiologie, Campagne de masse, Facteur risque, Prévention, Infection communautaire, Homme, Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Organisation santé, Immunopathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Infection, Respiratory system, Viral disease, Immunocompetence, Immune deficiency, Epidemiology, Mass campaign, Risk factor, Prevention, Community acquired infection, Human, Respiratory disease, Public health organization, Immunopathology
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0310035
Code Inist : 002B05C02C. Création : 15/07/1997.