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  1. Does pediatric housestaff experience influence tests ordered for infants in the neonatal intensive care unit ?

    Article - En anglais

    Objective 

    To assess the relationship between the experience of pediatric housestaff and tests ordered on infants in the neonatal intensive care unit (ICU).

    Design 

    Prospective, cohort study over one full academic year.

    Setting 

    One academic Level III neonatal intensive care nursery.

    Patients 

    Data were collected prospectively on all 785 infants admitted to the neonatal ICU from July 1993 to June 1994.

    These infants were cared for by 14 different categorical pediatric housestaff.

    Measurements and Main Results 

    Our neonatal ICU has either a resident or an intern on-call by himselflherself at night, affording us a natural setting to compare intern vs. resident test ordering.

    The outcomes of interest were number of arterial blood gases, radiographs, and electrolytes ordered per infant by the on-call pediatric houseofficer, as tabulated the morning after the call night.

    Control variables included the severity-of-illness of the individual infant (using the Neonatal Therapeutic Intervention Scoring System), the workload of the houseofficer (number of patients, number of admissions), and supervision (rounding frequency and on-call attending).

    Controlling for the severity-of-illness of the infant, the workload on the call night, and supervision with multiple linear regression, we found that interns ordered significantly (p=02) greater numbers of arterial blood gases per infant than residents, amounting to some 0.33 blood gases per infant per call night (3.22 vs. 2. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Unité soin intensif, Pédiatrie, Médecin, Expérience professionnelle, Examen laboratoire, Qualité, Soin, Etude cohorte, Corrélation, Nouveau né, Homme, Prospective, Soin intensif, Personnel sanitaire, Soins médicaux

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Intensive care unit, Pediatrics, Physician, Professional experience, Laboratory investigations, Quality, Care, Cohort study, Correlation, Newborn, Human, Prospective, Intensive care, Health staff

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 97-0309751

    Code Inist : 002B30A05. Création : 15/07/1997.