This study compared the number and type of substances taken in deliberate self-poisoning with fatal (n=127) and non-fatal (n=521) outcome.
The aims were (i) to describe substances typically involved in self-poisoning in England and Wales, (ii) to examine the role of drug'cocktails'and (iii) to examine whether toxic substances are over-represented in cases with fatal outcome.
Over-the-counter (OTC) analgesics, minor tranquillizers and antidepressants accounted for about 70% of substances taken, irrespective of outcome.
Compared with survivors, cases who died had taken a higher mean number of substances.
Among self-poisonings with a single substance, antidepressants and paracetamol-opiate combinations were over-represented in fatal-outcome cases.
This report emphasizes the role of OTC analgesics and antidepressants in overdose-related mortality in England and Wales.
Mots-clés Pascal : Tentative suicide, Intoxication médicamenteuse, Analgésique, Antidépresseur, Psychotrope, Automédication, Médicament, Epidémiologie, Angleterre, Grande Bretagne, Royaume Uni, Europe, Pays de Galles, Toxicité, Homme, Vente libre
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Suicide attempt, Drug intoxication, Analgesic, Antidepressant agent, Psychotropic, Self prescription, Drug, Epidemiology, England, Great Britain, United Kingdom, Europe, Wales, Toxicity, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0309498
Code Inist : 002B18C11. Création : 15/07/1997.