The effects of cigarette smoking and gestational weight change on birth outcomes in obese and normal-weight women.
The associations of infant birth outcomes with maternal pregravid obesity, gestational weight gain, and prenatal cigarette smoking were examined.
A retrospective analysis of 1343 obese and normal-weight gravidas evaluated the associations of cigarette smoking, gestational weight change, and pregravid body mass index with birthweight, low birthweight, and small-and large-for-gestational-age births.
Smoking was associated with the delivery of lower-birthweight infants for both obese and normal-weight women, and gestational weight gain did not eliminate the birthweight-lowering effects of smoking.
Women at highest risk of delivering lower-birthweight infants were obese smokers whose gestational gains were less than 7 kg and normal-weight smokers whose gestational gains were less than 11.5 kg.
To balance the risks of small and large-size infants, gains of 7 to 11.5 kg for obese women and 11.5 to 16 kg for normal-weight women appear appropriate.
Mots-clés Pascal : Obésité, Prise poids, Gestation, Poids naissance faible, Poids naissance très faible, Nouveau né, Homme, Epidémiologie, Mère, Tabagisme, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Etat nutritionnel, Trouble nutrition, Gestation pathologie, Prématurité, Nouveau né pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Obesity, Weight gain, Pregnancy, Low birth weight, Very low birthweight, Newborn, Human, Epidemiology, Mother, Tobacco smoking, United States, North America, America, Nutritional status, Nutrition disorder, Pregnancy disorders, Prematurity, Newborn diseases
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0307432
Code Inist : 002B20F02. Création : 15/07/1997.