A 1993 large waterborne outbreak of Salmonella ryphimurium infections in Gideon.
Mo, a city of 1100 with an unchlorinated community water supply. was investigated to determine the source of contamination and the effectiveness of an order to boil water.
A survey of household members in Gideon and the surrounding township produced information on diarrheal illness. water consumption. and compliance with the boil water order.
More than 650 persons were ill ; 15 were hospitalized. and 7 died.
Persons consuming city water were more likely to be ill (relative risk [RR]=9.1,95% confidence interval [Cl]=2.9,28.4), and the attack rate increased with increased water consumption.
S. typhimurium was recovered from samples taken from a city fire hydrant and a water storage tower.
Persons in 31% (30/98) of city households had drunk unboiled water after being informed about the boil water order, including 14 individuals who subsequently became ill.
Reasons for noncompliance included « not remembering » (44%) and « disbelieving » (25%) the order.
Communities with deteriorating water systems risk widespread illness unless water supplies are properly operated and maintained.
Effective education to improve compliance during boil water orders is needed.
Mots-clés Pascal : Intoxication alimentaire, Eau potable, Contamination biologique, Salmonellose, Bactériose, Infection, Salmonella typhimurium, Enterobacteriaceae, Bactérie, Epidémiologie, Réseau adduction eau, Ebullition, Recommandation, Prévention, Evaluation, Homme, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Appareil digestif pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Food poisoning, Drinking water, Biological contamination, Salmonellosis, Bacteriosis, Infection, Salmonella typhimurium, Enterobacteriaceae, Bacteria, Epidemiology, Water supply system network, Boiling, Recommendation, Prevention, Evaluation, Human, United States, North America, America, Digestive diseases
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0307347
Code Inist : 002B30A02A. Création : 15/07/1997.