Women with chronic renal disease (CRD) who are on dialysis or have a functioning renal transplant are typically stoical in their attitude towards other health problems.
We undertook a prospective study of 100 women with CRD to assess the prevalence of gynaecological disorders in this group of patients.
Assessment included the measurement of follicle stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone, prolactin and oestradiol concentrations, cervical cytology and a pelvic ultrasound scan.
We found that gynaecological problems are highly prevalent and frequently unrecognized.
Of these women, 58% had a menstrual disorder, with uncontrolled menorrhagia being a significant problem when it aggravated the chronic anaemia of renal disease, and 35% were menopausal, including seven women under the age of 40 years.
Menopausal symptoms were undertreated.
We identified a 14-fold increase in premature ovarian failure secondary to CRD and the use of cyclophosphamide therapy.
In all, 22% of the women were subfertile and 10% had an abnormal smear, with cervical dyskariosis being significantly increased because of long-term immunosuppression.
Contraceptive advice had often been absent or inappropriate.
We conclude that formal gynaecological review should be routinely available for women with CRD.
Mots-clés Pascal : Insuffisance rénale, Chronique, Appareil génital femelle pathologie, Prévalence, Diagnostic, Surveillance, Prévention, Appareil urinaire pathologie, Rein pathologie, Epidémiologie, Homme, Femelle
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Renal failure, Chronic, Female genital diseases, Prevalence, Diagnosis, Surveillance, Prevention, Urinary system disease, Kidney disease, Epidemiology, Human, Female
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0304300
Code Inist : 002B14A05. Création : 15/07/1997.