To investigate the relationship between life-style (dietary intake of macronutrients, smoking behavior, alcohol consumption and daily physical activity) from 13-29 years of age ( « long-term exposure ») and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors (lipoprotein levels, blood pressure, body fatness, and body composition) at the age of 29 years.
The study was part of the Amsterdam Growth and Health Study, which began in 1977, and in which repeated measurements were carried out over a period of 17 years on 181 subjects (98 females and 83 males).
« Long-term exposure » to smoking behavior was inversely related to high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL) levels (p=0.02) and positively to the total cholesterol/HDL ratio (p=0.05).
Both smoking behavior and alcohol consumption were inversely related to blood pressure (p<0.01). « Long-term exposure » to daily physical activity was inversely related to body fatness (p<0.01), but for females positively to the waist/hip ratio (p<0.01).
No relationship was found between the dietary intake of macronutrients and the CVD risk factors.
When « long-term exposure » was limited to adolescence (13-16 years of age) only the relationship between daily physical activity and the waist/hip ratio for females remained significant (p<0.01).
« Long-term » smoking behavior was related to a high risk profile regarding hypercholesterolemia, but to a low risk profile regarding blood pressure. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Athérosclérose, Facteur risque, Etude longitudinale, Consommation, Boisson alcoolisée, Tabac, Exercice physique, Consommation alimentaire, Adolescent, Homme, Evolution, Adulte, Mode de vie, Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Vaisseau sanguin pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Atherosclerosis, Risk factor, Follow up study, Consumption, Alcoholic beverage, Tobacco, Physical exercise, Food intake, Adolescent, Human, Evolution, Adult, Life habit, Cardiovascular disease, Vascular disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0304273
Code Inist : 002B12A03. Création : 15/07/1997.