Hepatitis B vaccination in adolescents : Knowledge, perceived risk, and compliance.
The purpose of this study was to evaluate adolescents'and parents'knowledge of hepatitis B, perceived risk of hepatitis B, and compliance with a three-dose vaccine series.
Two hundred adolescents were recruited into the study.
Participants completed a questionnaire that examined hepatitis knowledge, sexual activity, contraceptive use, and perceived risk of acquiring hepatitis B infection at enrollment and the final 8-month follow-up visit.
They also had blood drawn for determination of hepatitis B serology at these visits.
Their parents completed a questionnaire at enrollment.
A total of 174 (87%) participants completed the study.
Adolescents initially had very little knowledge about hepatitis but did have significant improvement in their knowledge scores at the 8-month follow-up.
Their parents were more knowledgable.
Most teens perceived their risk of acquiring the hepatitis B infection as slight or none.
Their perceptions of their risk of acquiring hepatitis B were not associated with sexual activity, contraceptive choices, or number of sexual partners.
In contrast, the parents'perceptions of their teens'risk of acquiring hepatitis B were associated with the teens'sexual activity, contraceptive choices, and number of sexual partners.
The adolescents studied had little knowledge about hepatitis or their personal risk.
In contrast, the adolescents'parents were more knowledgable about hepatitis. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Hépatite virale B, Virose, Infection, Comportement, Santé, Adolescent, Homme, Connaissance, Perception, Facteur risque, Observance thérapeutique, Vaccination, Appareil digestif pathologie, Foie pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Viral hepatitis B, Viral disease, Infection, Behavior, Health, Adolescent, Human, Knowledge, Perception, Risk factor, Treatment compliance, Vaccination, Digestive diseases, Hepatic disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0304270
Code Inist : 002A26N03A. Création : 15/07/1997.